The CMR Convention governs the carriage of goods by road. Every road journey that starts or finishes in countries which have ratified this convention, is subject to the CMR. Usually, contracts are confirmed by the issue of a CMR consignment note, which must show the name and address of the consignee, consignor and carrier; a description of the goods; weight and number of packages, etc. It is important to note that, under the CMR, the exporter is legally responsible for the accuracy of the information in the CMR note. Therefore, the exporter should always make out, or supervise the making out of the note.
The carrier is liable for loss, damage, or delay to the goods between the time he takes charge of them and the time they are delivered. Generally, the carrier is also liable for the acts of his servants, agents and sub-contractors. However, there are a number of excepted perils, such as neglect, or wrong instructions of the claimant, inherent vice of the goods, etc.
Compensation is calculated in relation to the value of the goods at the time and place at which they were accepted for carriage. Most European countries limit compensation to a specified amount of Special Drawing Rights (SDR) per kg of gross weight of the lost, or damaged goods.